In Bhagavad Gita, the aim of Yoga is to stop the course of reincarnation. This can be stopped when the soul had realized the reality and this can be done through this 3 stages; Brahman, Paramatma and Bhagavan.
The Bhagavad Gita is a sacred book of Hinduism that was written thousands of years ago. There are teachings from this book that is believed to be given by Krishna, the incarnation of the god Vishnu, as believed by many Hindus. In this book, Krishna had a conversation with Arjuna. Krishna told him, before the Kurukshetra war took place, that Arjuna has to perform his dharma and fight the war. Arjuna was hesitant at first because it means that he will be fighting against his friends but he still listened to Krishna in the end. For following Krishna, he will no longer die and go to the place of sinners as he will be reincarnated.
Yoga is also on the scriptures of Bhagavad Gita. In Gita, Yoga is described as an outlook that is unified with a serene mind and the skill in action as well as the ability to stay in tune with your self together with Bhagavan, the Supreme Being. Krishna explained the cause of suffering as it is rooted from the conflict of the mind because of personal desires. The only way to fight this is by having self discipline and keeping the mind engaged in activities of the higher form. Krishna also cleared that no action or abstaining from action is just the same or equal to having extreme indulgence. According to the book, our life’s goals is to keep our minds free from many forms of complexities and just focus on self glory by dedicating yourself to the divine power. This is done through medication and devotion as well as with action and knowledge.
Krishna described that a Yogi that constantly meditates on himself is the best Yogi. Yoga is summarized into 18 chapters according to Krishna and belonging to 3 Yogas; Bhakti Yoga, Karma Yoga and Jnana Yoga or Devotion, Selfless Action and Self transcending understanding respectively.
Yoga’s 18 chapters are divided into 3 sections according to Madhusudana Sarasvati. The 3 chapters are Karma Yoga, Bhakti Yoga and Jnana Yoga. Karma Yoga is basically describing making actions without thinking of personal gain but sacrificing all actions for the Supreme Being. Krishna was an advocate of this selfless action as this is the path to understanding the Truth and realizing what the Truth really is. Bhakti Yoga, on the other hand, is about the meditation, devotion and worship of the Supreme Being and not just an understanding of the scripture. In Jnana Yoga, the essence is to have an understanding and could see which ones are real and which ones are not real; eternal and non-eternal. This is the type of Yoga that takes the path of knowledge where the Yogi could see the many differences of our body to that of the immortal soul.